There was once a time when the world gloried with deep dense forests, gorgeous seas and oceans, magnificent hills and mountains, a time where finding trees and water resources weren’t that big of a deal. One could find green trees laden with flowers and fruits, evenly flourished flora and fauna, valleys, hills, and mountains evenly distributed everywhere. There was a balance in nature, the weather, and climate.
Evolution and industrialization brought about major changes in the natural compositions. Depleting forests, seas and oceans drying up are melting the highest mountain in the world causing chaos in the environment. Somehow, the magician that nature is stabilized itself and balanced its ratio with the environment.
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Top 20 Highest Mountain in the World
Global warming and the greenhouse effect have caused major turbulence on the mountains. The mountains that are visible today are not the whole part, but only a part of those mountains left since their existence are seen.
However, the mountains have managed to make their way into the list of top 20 highest mountain in the world. What’s interesting is that most of the mountains on the list are located within the Indian subcontinent in the Himalayan region. Due to severe and inhuman conditions, these mountains do not possess even a little bit of any civilization. But they are not unaware of the human kind because of the expeditions that constantly take place on these mountains. People from all over the world visit these mountains as mountaineers for trekking and to set a record.
1. Mount Everest (8848 meters), Nepal
The list is topped by Mt. Everest, the highest mountain in the world and measures 8848 meters. It is located in the Northeastern part of Nepal, in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayan range. Other names of Mount Everest are “Sagarmatha” and “Chomolungma” in Nepali and Tibetan respectively. The altitude of Highest Peak of Mount Everest is 8848 meters above sea-level. It also ranks first in the list of tallest mountains from base to top.Land Surveyor General ’Sir George Everest’ was the first to locate the accuratespot of the peak and the mountain is named after him.The first ever people to climb the mountain peak are Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Edmund Hillary in May 1953.
2. Mount K2 (8611 meters), Pakistan
The second highest mountain in the world is Mount K2 that measures 8611m.It is named K2 because it is the second peak in the Karakoram Range. It is located in the China-Pakistan border. Due to the level of difficulty in climbing this mountain range, it is also called savage mountains. Yet around 250 climbers have reached the top of K2 successfully. One out of four people that tried to climb the peak has died. From all the peaks of K2, a massive ice pyramid stands away.
3. Mount Kanchenjunga (8586 meters), Nepal/India
Kanchenjungam the third highest mountain in the world, sits on both Nepal and India and ranks third in the list. With a height of 8586 meters, Kanchenjunga ranks third in the list. Kanchenjunga is popularly termed as “The Five Treasures of Snows”. This is because of the belief that God has blessed the mountain peak with five treasures such as gold, silver, gems, grains and holy books.
4. Mount Lhotse (8511 meters), Nepal
The fourth highest mountain in the world is Mount Lhotse with a height of 8511 meters. Mount Lhotse has a connection with Mount Everest. This mountain peak is situated in the border of Nepal and Tibet. The literal meaning of Lhotse is “south peak’. With a dramatic rocky route, Mount Lhotse is the most deadly and extremely dangerous mountain peak in the world. A number of climbers have failed in their attempts and faced fatalities while trying to climb the peak of this mountain.In 1956 a Swiss team of Ernest Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger were the first to climb the mountain.
5. Mount Makalu (8462 meters), Nepal
With an elevation of 8463 meters, Mount Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world. This mountain peak is an isolated one and shaped like a four-sided pyramid. Mount Makalu is very difficult and almost impossible to climb because of its very sharp edges and steep pitches. It was first climbed by French mountaineers in 1955.
6. Mount Cho Oyu (8201 meters), Nepal
Mount Cho Oyu is a very easiest mountain to climb and is located in the Himalaya range in Nepal. The height of this mountain is 8201 meters and takes a sixth position in the highest mountain in the world. The mount Cho Oyu is also popularly called the “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan.
7. Mount Dhaulagiri (8167 meters), Nepal
Located in the northern area of central Nepal, Mount Dhaulagiri ranks seventh among the highest mountain in the world. This mountain peak’s elevation is 8167 meters. The literal meaning of Dhaulagiri is “White Mountain”. Mount Dhaulagiriis the peak point of the Gandaki river basin and the pivot point for many tourists and mountaineers.
8. Mount Manaslu (8163 meters), Nepal
The eighth highest mountain in the world is located in Nepal’s section of the Himalayan range. The elevation of Mount Manaslu is 8163 meters. A large area at the bottom of the mountain is surrounded by rock hard ice is a beautiful view. Literally, Manaslu means “Mountain of the Spirit”.
9. Nanga Parbat (8125 meters), Pakistan
The ninth highest mountain in the world is the Nanga Parbat of Pakistan. The mountain situates in Gilgit Baltistan, in the south side of River Indus. The literal meaning of Nanga Parbat is“Naked Mountain”. The altitude of the Peak is 8125 meters. Climbing this mountain is not an easy task and a number of climbers have died in the early twentieth century. Due to this, Nanga Parbat is also known as the Killer Mountain.
10. Mount Annapurna (8091 meters), Nepal
The tenth highest mountain in the world is located in central Nepal. The altitude of Mount Annapurna is 8091 meters. The name Annapurna is derived from Sanskrit and in Sanskrit, Annapurna means Goddess of the Harvests. The conservation area of Annapurna peak is Nepal’s first and largest conservation area with an area of 7,629 sq. km. the Annapurna peak is the most dangerous peak to climb in the world.
11. Gasherbrum I / K5, Baltoro Karakoram
At eleventh rank is the mount K5, the fifth peak of the Karakoram Range. The mount K5, until the 20th century was a “Hidden peak” due to the extreme remoteness of its location. With an elevation of 8,080 meters high peak, this mountain peak is also called Gasherbrum I. It was first climbed successfully by Pete Schoening and Andy Kauffman with 8 members of American expedition in 1956.
12. Broad Peak / K3, Baltoro Karakoram
With an altitude of 8051 meters, K3 is the twelfth highest mountain in the world. It is a part of the Karakoram Range. Mount K3 is popularly known as Broad Peak and as Falchan Kangri among the local people. Climbing this mountain peak is highly impossible due to the extremely harsh conditions around it in the most part of the year.
13. Gasherbrum II/K4, Baltoro Karakoram
Another mountain from the Karakoram Range, mount K4 ranks thirteenth in the list of highest mountains. Mount K4 is also known as Gasherbrum II. The altitude of this mountain peak is 8035 meters. Gasherbrum II or K4 is the fourth mountain in the Karakoram Range.
14. Shishapangma, Jugal Himalaya
At the fourteenth place, Mount Shishapangma is the last mountain in the eight thousand’s list. However, the altitude of just 8027 meters doesn’t make it an easy one to climb. This mountain peak is located in the restricted are a between Tibet and China. Due to administrative reasons, foreigners are not allowed to visit. The name Shishapangma is derived from Tibetan dialect which means “crest above the Grassy Plains.”
15. Gyanchung Kang, Mahalangur Himalaya
With an altitude of 7952 meters, Gyanchung Kang ranks fifteenth place in the list of highest mountain in the world. Gyanchung Kang is located between mount Cho Oyu and Mt. Everest, two of the highest mountains with an altitude above 8000 m. the area of this mountain spreads between Nepal-China Border and it is a section of Mahalangur Himalaya. This mountain is the highest mountain below 8000 meters.the Japanese were the first to climb this mountain in 1964.
16. Annapurna II, Annapurna Himalaya
Annapurna mountain range forms a massive part of the Himalayan mountain ranges, consists of another section of a mountain named Annapurna II. With an altitude of about 7934 meters, Annapurna II ranks sixteenth. It is situated in the eastern side of the Annapurna ranges while the locals have a contrasting belief of Annapurna II being an independent peak. In 1960 Richard Grant, Chris Bonington and Sherpa Ang Nyima climbed the peak.
17. Gasherbrum IV, Baltoro Karakoram
The Seventeenth highest mountain in the world is the Gasherbrum IV from the Gasherbrum mountain ranges located in Pakistan. Gasherbrum IV is a section of the Baltoro glacier’s north-east end in the Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. The literal meaning of Gasherbrum is believed to be “Shining wall” in Urdu, while it is actually derived from Balti words “rgasha” which means beautiful and “brum” which means mountain. Gasherbrum Range has 4 peaks in total, of which 3 peaks are above 8000 meters and this mountain peak is about 7932 meters high.
18. Himalchuli, Manaslu Himalaya
Eighteenth in the list of highest mountain in the world is the Himalchuli peak. This mountain peak lies to the south of Manaslu and is part of the Himalayas in the Nepal area. Himalchuli belongs to the Mansiri Himalayan Range and with an altitude of 7894 meters, Himalchuli ranks second in its own mountain range.Another reason for the popularity of the Himalchuli Mountain is the large upright relief over local terrain.
19. Distaghil Sar, Hispar Karakoram
Distaghil Sar takes the nineteenth position with an altitude of 7884 meters. This mountain belongs to the Hispar Muztagh in the Karakoram Range. Distaghil is located in the Gilgit-Baltistan region, Pakistan. The width of this mountain is almost 3 km. Distaghil Sar is the highest peak in its parent range Hispar Muztagh.
20. Nuptse, Mahalangur Himalaya
Situated in the Khumbu region Mahalangur Himalaya, Nuptse is one of the mountains surrounding the Mountains of the Everest and comes at the twentieth in the list of highest mountain in the world . The literal meaning of Nuptse in Tibetan is ‘Western peak’. The altitude of Nuptse is 7861 meters. Climbing mount Nuptse is not an easy task. Due to loose snow and a lot of hollows this mountain peak is extremely dangerous. Also, there are cornices of snow that are weakly attached. All these fatalities prove to be a dangerous barrier to climbing. This mountain peak is not sturdy enough to ensure safe climbing. Dennis Davis and Sherpa Tash climbed the mountain peak in 1961.