There are many species of penguins but the actual number is arguable. According to some, 17 species of penguins are there while others claim there are 19 species. Where do penguins live? It is commonly known that penguins live in the icy parts on the world. But not all penguins live in the cold climatic conditions of Antarctica. Only 2 species, Emperor penguins and Adelie penguins have been found to live in the coastline of Antarctica in the Ross Sea Region where the average temperature is minus fifty eight degrees Fahrenheit.
However, most species live in the southern hemisphere. Some penguins live in a warm environment such as the Galapagos Island where the average temperature is seventy five degrees Fahrenheit. That is how the penguins which are kept in the zoos, survive the warm climate. Penguins are found around New Zealand and Australia. Some species of penguins are found in the southern end of South Africa. Penguins live in the coast of South America too.
Understanding Penguins And Their Habitat
Penguins are considered to be one of the most graceful creatures. They can walk and run at a speed of 11 to 15 milers/ hour. The way the body of a penguin is designed, helps penguins to travel fast. When penguins swim in the deep waters, they take breaths by soaring up and out of the water. Their bones are dense which aids them in fetching their food when they have to dive deep in the water.
The wings of penguins are similar to the flippers of a seal. They use their wings to swim across the water. When penguins are on the land, in a snowy environment, penguins toboggan on the surface to move. They lie flat on their bellies and slide across the snow using their wings and feet in unison.
Where do penguins live?
- King Penguins are found in Tierra del Fuego, Subarctic islands and South Georgia Island.
- Chinstrap Penguins are found in Antarctica, South Sandwich Islands, South Shetland, South Orkneys, South Georgia Island Bouvet, Peter Islands and Balleny.
- Little Blue Penguins live in New Zealand, Southern Australia, Tasmania and Chatham Islands.
- Gentoo Penguins are found in South Georgia, Falkland, South Shetland, Macquarie Islands Kerguelen Heard and the Antarctic Peninsula.
- Northern Little Penguins have been found to live in Motunau Island, New Zealand on the Banks Peninsula.
- Humboldt Penguins live in Coastal Peru and Chile in South America
- Magellanic Penguins breed in the coastal south Argentina, southern part of South America and south Chile and Falkland Islands.
- African Penguin or Jackass Penguins are found in Africa’s south western coast.
- Yellow Eyed Penguins are found in Foveaux Strait, New Zealand, Auckland Stewart Island, and Campbell Islands.
- Fiordland Penguin live in Stewart Island and Fiorland coast
- Snares Penguins are found on the Snares Islands in New Zealand.
- The American Southern Rockhopper Penguin have their habitats in the Falkland Islands, some islands off southern Chile and Argentina. In the Indian and the Pacific Ocean, Indopacific Southern Rockhopper Penguins are found.
- Royal Penguins live in the waters that surround the continent of Antarctica.
- Northern Rockhoppers are found on Gough Island in the South Atlantic Ocean and in the Tristan da Cunha. Some members of this species are found in Amsterdam Island and St Paul Island in the Indian Ocean.